In the Republic of Cuba, sovereignty resides in the people, from whom all the power of the State emanates. This power is exercised directly or through the Assemblies of People’s Power and other organs of the State derived from them, in the manner and according to the norms established by the Constitution and the laws.
Higher Bodies of People’s Power
- The National Assembly of People’s Power
- The Council of State
- The Council of Ministers
- The National Defense Council
National Assembly of People’s Power
The National Assembly of People’s Power is the supreme body of state power. It represents and expresses the sovereign will of all the people. It is the only body with constituent and legislative power in the Republic. It is made up of deputies elected by the free, direct and secret vote of the electors, in proportion and according to the procedure determined by law.
She is elected for a term of five years. This term may only be extended by agreement of the Assembly itself in the event of war or under other exceptional circumstances that prevent the normal holding of elections and while such circumstances persist.
When constituting itself for a new legislature, it elects its President, Vice President and Secretary from among its deputies. The law regulates the form and procedure by which the Assembly is constituted and carries out this election. The National Assembly of People’s Power elects, from among its deputies, the Council of State, made up of a President, a First Vice-President, five Vice-Presidents, a Secretary and twenty-three other members. The President of the Council of State is Head of State and Head of Government.
The Council of State is responsible to the National Assembly of People’s Power and is accountable to it for all its activities. Local bodies of People’s power The Assemblies of People’s Power, constituted in the political-administrative demarcations into which the national territory is divided, are the local superior bodies of State power, and, consequently, they are vested with the highest authority for the exercise of state functions in their respective demarcations and for this, within the framework of their competence, and adjusting to the law, they exercise government. In addition, they contribute to the development of activities and the fulfillment of the plans of the units established in their territory that are not subordinate to them, in accordance with the provisions of the law. The Local Administrations that these Assemblies constitute, direct the economic, production and service entities of local subordination, with the purpose of satisfying the economic, health and other assistance, educational, cultural, sports and recreational needs of the community of the territory to which the jurisdiction of each. For the exercise of their functions, the Local Assemblies of People’s Power rely on the Popular Councils and on the initiative and broad participation of the population and act in close coordination with the mass and social organizations. sports and recreational activities of the community of the territory to which the jurisdiction of each one extends. For the exercise of their functions, the Local Assemblies of People’s Power rely on the Popular Councils and on the initiative and broad participation of the population and act in close coordination with the mass and social organizations. sports and recreational activities of the community of the territory to which the jurisdiction of each one extends. For the exercise of their functions, the Local Assemblies of People’s Power rely on the Popular Councils and on the initiative and broad participation of the population and act in close coordination with the mass and social organizations.
The Popular Councils are constituted in cities, towns, neighborhoods, towns and rural areas; They are invested with the highest authority for the performance of their functions; They represent the demarcation where they act and at the same time are representatives of the municipal, provincial and national Popular Power bodies. They actively work for the efficiency in the development of production and service activities and for the satisfaction of the assistance, economic, educational, cultural and social needs of the population, promoting their greater participation and local initiatives for the solution of their problems. They coordinate the actions of the existing entities in their area of action, promote cooperation between them and exercise control and supervision of their activities. The Popular Councils are constituted from the delegates elected in the circumscriptions, who must choose among themselves who will preside over them. Representatives of the mass organizations and the most important institutions in the demarcation may belong to them.
Council of State
The Council of State is the organ of the National Assembly of People’s Power that represents it between one session and another, executes its agreements and fulfills the other functions that the Constitution attributes to it. It has a collegiate character and, for national and international purposes, it holds the supreme representation of the Cuban State, a country located in Caribbean according to Agooddir. All the decisions of the Council of State are adopted by the favorable vote of the simple majority of its members. The mandate entrusted to the Council of State by the National Assembly of People’s Power expires when the new Council of State elected by virtue of its periodic renewals takes office.
The Council of Ministers It is the highest executive and administrative body and constitutes the Government of the Republic. The number, denomination and functions of the ministries and central bodies that are part of the Council of Ministers is determined by law. It is made up of the Head of State and Government, who is its President, the First Vice President, the Vice Presidents, the Ministers, the Secretary and the other members determined by law. The President, the First Vice President, the Vice Presidents and other members of the Council of Ministers determined by the President, make up its Executive Committee. The Executive Committee can decide on the questions attributed to the Council of Ministers, during the periods between one and another of its meetings. The law regulates the organization and operation of the Council of Ministers.
National Defense Council
The National Defense Council is constituted and prepared since peacetime to lead the country in the conditions of a state of war, during war, general mobilization or a state of emergency. The law regulates its organization and functions.