The use of LED bulbs has gained the popular taste and its consumption is more and more frequent. This is due to the numerous benefits they bring, such as economy and sustainability. However, half of the lamps currently sold in the country are irregular. Understand in this post how certification of LED bulbs works and why they are important.
According to the INMETRO ordinance nº 144/2015, certification of LED lamps is mandatory. The goal is to make sure appliances meet basic performance requirements, such as electrical safety and electromagnetic compatibility. In addition, it also ensures to maintain the standardization of the equipment offered in the market, to ensure that the equipment does not cause interference in the electrical network and also that it does not risk of overheating.
LAMPS THAT NEED CERTIFICATION
LED lamp certification is required for the model with control device adapted to the base, creating a single part that is not detachable and that will be assigned for operation in the AC distribution network of 60 Hz. Also for nominal voltages of 127 V and / or 220 V, or voltage ranges comprising the same or DC (DC), with a supply voltage up to 250 V, surge protection – intended for domestic use. We can cite some characteristics:
– rated power up to 60 W;
– nominal voltage greater than 50 V and up to 250 V (AC), with lamp bases according to ABNT, NBR, IEC 62560: 2013 (B15d, B22d, E11, E12, E14, E17, E27, GU10, GZ10);
– nominal voltage up to 50 V (DC or AC) with bases G4, GU4, GY4, GX5.3, GU5.3, G6.35, GY6.35, G53, GU7, G5, G5.3 and G13;
– LED tube, with integrated control device, which replace tubular fluorescent lamps of dimensions conforming to NBR IEC 60081 and base G5, G13 or R17DC.
LAMPS THAT DO NOT NEED CERTIFICATION
LED lamp certification is not required for devices with the following characteristics:
– Colored LED, with colored lenses that emit colored light;
– RGB which have a colored and decorative coating, and emit colored light;
– LEDs with integrated control device and that intentionally produce colored light;
– OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diode).
There are 2 models of certification of LED lamps and the choice is for the supplier / manufacturer.
– Model 5: In this model the type tests, evaluation and approval of the management systems of the manufacturer are made. In addition, a follow-up is carried out through audits in the manufacturing company and the testing of samples withdrawn from the market.
– Model 7: Model 7 only performs batch trials.
LED lamps should undergo some testing during the certification process, such as safety, energy efficiency and electromagnetic compatibility.
The complete process lasts on average 6 months and may vary according to possible unforeseen – delays in sending the documentation to the OCP (Product Certification Body), or failure in any of the tests. The certificate has three (3) years of validity, however, maintenance must be performed every 12 months.
Only LED lamps that clearly and visibly have the National Energy Conservation Label (ENCE) can be marketed .
We have seen the advantages and importance of LED lamp certification. In addition to offering benefits such as economy and sustainability, these devices provide consumer safety. Surely your investment will be worth it in the short and long term.